Blogs Directory Amazing tech news: April 2019

Tuesday, 30 April 2019

Dead to outnumber the living on Facebook in 50 years

If Facebook continues to expand at current rates, the number of deceased users could reach as high as 4.9 billion before the end of the century, making it the world's biggest graveyard, predict researchers from the University of Oxford.
Facebook, Facebook users, Mark Zuckerberg, Social Media

The dead may outnumber the living on Facebook within 50 years, a trend that will have grave implications for how we treat our digital heritage in the future, said researchers from the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), a part of the university.
The analysis predicts that based on 2018 user levels, at least 1.4 billion members will die before 2100. In this scenario, the dead could outnumber the living by 2070.
"These statistics give rise to new and difficult questions around who has the right to all this data, how should it be managed in the best interests of the families and friends of the deceased and its use by future historians to understand the past," said lead author Carl Ohman, a doctoral candidate at the OII.

The analysis sets up two potential extreme scenarios, arguing that the future trend will fall somewhere in between.
The first scenario assumes that no new users join as of 2018.

Under these conditions, Asia's share of dead users increases rapidly to account for nearly 44 percent of the total by the end of the century.
"Nearly half of those profiles come from India and Indonesia, which together account for just under 279 million Facebook mortalities by 2100," the researchers said.

The second scenario assumes that Facebook continues to grow by its current rate of 13 percent globally, every year, until each market reaches saturation.
Under these conditions, Africa will make up a growing share of dead users.
"The management of our digital remains will eventually affect everyone who uses social media, since all of us will one day pass away and leave our data behind," said Ohman.

The predictions are based on data from the United Nations, which provide the expected number of mortalities and total populations for every country in the world distributed by age, and Facebook data scraped from the company's Audience Insights feature.
Facebook should invite historians, archivists, archaeologists and ethicists to participate in the process of curating the vast volume of accumulated data that we leave behind as we pass away.
"This is not just about finding solutions that will be sustainable for the next couple of years, but possibly for many decades ahead," added study co-author David Watson, also a DPhil student at the OII.

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Social media fraud increased 43% in 2018, reveals study

Human-generated profiles more trusted than AI-generated ones: Study reveals

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Monday, 29 April 2019

Social media fraud increased 43% in 2018, reveals study

In a sign that platforms like Facebook and WhatsApp are emerging as a new public square for criminal deception, a study has found that social media fraud increased 43 percent in 2018.
cyber attacks, Cybercrime, cybercriminals, Social media fraud, WhatsApp

The results suggest that cybercriminals are increasingly relying on Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp and other legitimate social media and messaging platforms to communicate with each other and sell stolen identities, credit card numbers and other ill-gotten gains.
Given the ease of use, absence of fees and other benefits of these platforms, continuation of this trend in 2019 should come as no surprise, said "Current State of Cybercrime - 2019" white paper, released by RSA Security.

Trade in stolen identities would gain greater momentum with more stores likely opening on legitimate platforms to sell this type of data, the study said.
According to researchers, fraud in the mobile channel has grown significantly over the last several years, with 70 percent of artifice originating in the mobile channel in 2018.

In particular, fraud from mobile apps increased 680 percent between 2015 and 2018, said the study, adding the use of rogue mobile applications to defraud consumers was on the rise.
With one out of five cyber attacks attributed to rogue mobile apps in 2018, RSA identified an average of 82 rogue mobile applications a day last year across popular app stores.

"We expect the popularity of the mobile channel for fraud will continue through 2019, especially as cybercriminals keep finding ways to introduce tactics and technologies such as phishing and malware to the mobile channel," the report said.


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Human-generated profiles more trusted than AI-generated ones: Study reveals

Sunday, 28 April 2019

Human-generated profiles more trusted than AI-generated ones: Study reveals

People trust human-generated profiles more than artificial intelligence-generated profiles, particularly in online marketplaces, reveals a study in which researchers sought to explore whether users trust algorithmically optimised or generated representations.

The research team conducted three experiments, particularly in online marketplaces, enlisting hundreds of participants on Amazon Mechanical Turk to evaluate real, human-generated Airbnb profiles.
When researchers informed them that they were viewing either all human-generated or all AI-generated profiles, participants didn't seem to trust one more than the other. They rated the human- and AI-generated profiles about the same.

That changed when participants were informed they were viewing a mixed set of profiles. Left to decide whether the profiles they read were written by a human or an algorithm, users distrusted the ones they believed to be machine-generated.
"Participants were looking for cues that felt mechanical versus language that felt more human and emotional," said Maurice Jakesch, a doctoral student in information science at Cornell Tech in America.

"The more participants believed a profile was AI-generated, the less they tended to trust the host, even though the profiles they rated were written by the actual hosts," said a researcher.
"We're beginning to see the first instances of artificial intelligence operating as a mediator between humans, but it's a question of: 'Do people want that?"
The research team from Cornell University and Stanford University found that if everyone uses algorithmically-generated profiles, users trust them. But if only some hosts choose to delegate writing responsibilities to artificial intelligence, they are likely to be distrusted.

As AI becomes more commonplace and powerful, foundational guidelines, ethics and practice become vital.

The study also suggests there are ways to design AI communication tools that improve trust for human users. "Design and policy guidelines and norms for using AI-mediated communication is worth exploring now", said Jakesch.

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Google celebrates 'Avengers:Endgame' with Thanos' finger snap

Apple expects cooperation with China on clean energy

Saturday, 27 April 2019

Google celebrates 'Avengers:Endgame' with Thanos' finger snap

Following the click, the fans were surprised to see half of their search results fade away, in a clear nod to the climax scene of last year's "Avengers: Infinity War".
"Endgame", which released on Friday amid fan frenzy, is a culmination of the first decade of Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) and ties together the storylines of 22 films.
Avengers Endgame,Google,marvel cinematic universe,Marvel Studios,Thanos

As the cinema lovers around the globe woke up on Friday to experience "Avengers: Endgame", one of the biggest cinematic events in modern cinema, Google treated their users with a special Thanos' finger snap.

In what could be the one the most creative pop culture nods to the Marvel Studios' latest offering, when fans searched Thanos they were given the option to click on the icon of Infinity Gauntlet, placed on the right-hand side of the screen in the information box.
Following the click, the fans were surprised to see half of their search results fade away, in a clear nod to the climax scene of last year's "Avengers: Infinity War".
But if the users click the icon a second time, things return to normal.
"Endgame", which released on Friday amid fan frenzy, is a culmination of the first decade of Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) and ties together the storylines of 22 films.
The movie is directed by Anthony and Joe Russo and written by Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely.
It features an ensemble cast including Robert Downey Jr, Chris Evans, Mark Ruffalo, Chris Hemsworth, Scarlett Johansson, Jeremy Renner, Don Cheadle, Paul Rudd, Brie Larson, Karen Gillan, Danai Gurira, Bradley Cooper and Josh Brolin.

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